INTER-INTRA CLUSTER ENERGY BALANCE ROUTING (I2CEBR) PROTOCOL FOR UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC SENSOR NETWORKS USING NETWORK CODING
In Underwater - Acoustic Sensor Networks (UW-ASN), a node in a sensor, used to collect information from seabed, monitoring pollution, and different applications on surveillance. The sensor nodes are failed because of fouling and decomposition. The sensor nodes in Sensor network (WSN) consists of a transmitter, battery and receiver and a processor. Recharging or replacing a battery is not possible every time. So, the critical issue lies in the balancing of energy during communication. In this paper, a Routing called Inter-Intra Cluster Energy Balanced Routing (I2CEBR) protocol is implemented for UWASN in order to overcome latency and other interference to balance the energy for entire network. The routing protocol proposed for energy balancing between the nodes is used to communicate the sensed data. The implementation of network coding in inter and intra cluster, in order to achieve the needs of reducing energy consumption of node and extending the lifetime for network. Our outcome reveals the proposed I2CEBR protocol that can release the frequency of failure in node, determining energy usage of each node and efficiently extending the network lifetime.I2CEBR effectively fulfills energy-efficiency, until the end of throughput and delay in consideration with other protocols.