Smart Agriculture System: Review
In order to optimize productivity and sustainability for the conservation or land use of land, an information and technology-based farm management system recognizes, measures, and handles variation in fields through performing cultivation practices in the right place. While a considerable amount of research effort is required, the total agriculture system is only reorganized by a proportion of farmers using every form of precision agriculture (PA) technology approach to low-input, high efficiency and sustainable agriculture. Agriculture is the nerve of every country required for the survival of life. Irrigation is an effective cultivation process. Artificial water supplies are characterized as irrigation on the land or on the ground. It is a secondary or replacement rainwater source. It is used in areas with low rainfall and arid conditions. The basic infrastructure and input required for agricultural growth are considered. The main goals of the irrigation system are to enable crops and plants to develop the minimum quantity of water required for the drainage, development and re-vegetation of degraded soil. Irrigation is often studied together with drainage in the soil, which is the natural removal of the surface and sub surface water from a certain area. Agricultural scientists have reported that irrigation has also been used to prevent frost, wild plant growth in grain fields, and soil consolidation. Alternatively, rain-fed or dry-land farming is called direct precipitation agriculture. Irrigation has always been a key feature in farming, and is a result of the work of many cultures.